The differnt gun parts.

Discussion in 'General Rifle Discussion' started by BigSe63xy, Jul 21, 2010.

  1. BigSe63xy

    BigSe63xy New Member

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    Please bare with me I have a few newbie questions. I wish this site had a section for newbies like me :)

    1) What are the different parts and what do they do? I've heard of the bore, upper, receiver and a few others that I've forgotten, but could someone make a list please? I've looked other places but I haven't been able to find a complete list.

    2) Slides are only on pistols right?

    3) What is pitting? Are they just dents or is it a hole in the metal because it rusted out?

    Thanks for any input.
     
  2. danf_fl

    danf_fl Retired Supporter

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    1. The first thing is to enroll in a firearms training course. Not only will you be taught what the parts are but, in most cases, be given some sort of material, too.
    2. If someone said "Yes, slide are only on pistols.", another person will come along and have a picture of some dang rifle nobody else has heard of that has a slide. So my answer is "not necessarily"
    3. Pitting is small holes in metal caused by different reasons.

    Now find a firearms training course. Good Luck.
     

  3. BigSe63xy

    BigSe63xy New Member

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    1) Alright. I'll look into that.

    2) So basically you're saying slides are usually just on pistols but there are some rifles that have slides?

    3) Gotcha.

    Thanks a bunch.
     
  4. danf_fl

    danf_fl Retired Supporter

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    Let's say that slides are predominately on pistols. There may be a couple of long guns that have a slides, but I am not aware of them. Firearm manufacturers have done so much in the past, that, if one can think of something, they have most likely tried it already.
     
  5. robocop10mm

    robocop10mm Lifetime Supporting Member Lifetime Supporter

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    Generally, self loading pistols (semi-auto pistols) have slides. There are exceptions like the Luger that has a toggle instead. I cannot think of a rifle with a slide, but there is probably some obscure rifle made in Timbuktu in 1847 that has a slide. There is a part in a S&W revolver called a rebound slide (sometimes called a rebound).

    Different brands or types of firearms have similar parts that are called by different names.

    Frame, Lower, Receiver, Grip Frame. These are essentially the same thing in different guns.

    Barrel is pretty much universal.

    Breech. The chamber end of a barrel

    Bore. The inside of a barrel

    Muzzle. Opposite end of barrel from the breech.

    Chamber. Where the cartridge actually resides during firing.

    Hammer. The part that drives the firing pin. (not all guns have one)

    Striker. Kind of a spring loaded firing pin seen in Glocks, XD's, Sigma's and most bolt action rifles.

    Extractor. The hook like part that pulls the fired case from the chamber.

    Ejector. The part that causes the extracted case to exit the receiver/cylinder.

    Butt stock. The part that you put against your shoulder. This term is normally used when a gun has a two (or more) part stock. If it is one piece, it is usually just called the stock.

    Fore stock or forend. The front part of the multi piece stock.

    Recoil spring. The part that is retracted during extraction/ejection and causes the action to close after picking up a fresh round, loading the gun again.

    Main spring. The spring that drives the hammer. Sometime called the hammer spring.

    Sights. Can be fixed, adjustable, telescopic, holographic or absent.

    Lands. The high part of the rifling that impress into the bullet.

    Grooves. The low part of the rifling. The larger dimension in the bore. Generally the unfired bullet is about the same diameter or very slightly larger than this dimension.

    Twist or twist rate. The distance the bullet travels in the barrel for each complete revolution. (1/7, 1/12, etc) A 1/7 barrel means the bullet will turn 360 degrees every 7 inches of travel in the barrel.

    Choke. The degree of constriction toward the muzzle of a shotgun. There are many of these ranging from Cylinder or Cylinder Bore (no constriction), Improved Cylinder, Modified, Full and Extra Full (alot of constriction for tighter patterns)
     
  6. c3shooter

    c3shooter Administrator Staff Member

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    The language has its own lexicon- not always used properly- see magazine and clip. Upper and lower USUALLY refers to the AR style rifle, which can seperate in two- the lower being the receiver (or frame)- which legally IS the gun- and the upper- containing bolt- which legally is just gun parts.
     
  7. Jo da Plumbr

    Jo da Plumbr New Member

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    Try the web for some diagrams. Pictures always help me learn better. At least it did with porn.:D

    Shooters Plus - Parts Diagrams




    ....................................................


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    Last edited: Jul 22, 2010
  8. BigSe63xy

    BigSe63xy New Member

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    Thanks sooo much robocop. You don't know just how much you helped me out right there. It's all starting to click now. :D I think I'm starting to get addicted.

    My grandpa took me down to the local gun shop to look at a few guns this morning. He and the guy working there gave me a lot of good information.

    I also found a nice Mosin Nagant that I'm pretty sure I'm going to buy from GunBroker. All the parts match and it has a hex reciever. It comes with a cleaning kit, ammo pouch, sling, and a matching bayonet. Starting bid is $75 with a buy it now of $119. All I have to do get approval from al FFL dealer. I emailed him this morning but I haven't gotten anything back yet. I'm excited :)
     
  9. joshfireart

    joshfireart New Member

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    sounds like you are all ready addicted but things could be much worse
     
  10. BigSe63xy

    BigSe63xy New Member

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    It probably would be worse if I had more money. Lol :p
     
    Last edited: Jul 22, 2010