I am not a ballistics expert. I don't really know which cartridge is better or why, but I will do some reading on this forum to try to draw some conclusions; but I'm looking for a rifle that will be on the cheaper side, about $250 to $300 that has an effective range of about 400 yards that I can tinker and practice with. Any opinions welcome. Also wondering where to shoot. I live on the outskirts of Cleveland so there's no fields around here, much less any place that would allow me to shoot a rifle. Gun ranges around here are indoor, pistol only. I can't even shoot my 10/22.