Newb Question

Discussion in 'Ammunition & Reloading' started by Benning Boy, Feb 21, 2009.

  1. Benning Boy

    Benning Boy New Member

    What is muzzle energy? I see it listed in foot lbs, but I haven't the foggiest about anything beyond that. Is there a simple definition?:confused:
  2. hunter Joe

    hunter Joe New Member

    Muzzle energy is the kinetic energy of a bullet as it is expelled from the muzzle of a firearm. It is often used as a rough indication of the destructive potential of a given firearm or load. The heavier the bullet and the faster it moves, the higher its muzzle energy and the more damage it will do. I got this info off Lots of confusing math there if you are interested. This will give you a basic idea.

  3. c3shooter

    c3shooter Administrator Staff Member

    Joe nailed it. It is distinguished from down range energy. Muzzle energy can be expressed in several different units of energy, but most common is ft lbs- derived by the formula, velocity squared times the bullet weight in grains divided by 450,240.
  4. canebrake

    canebrake New Member

    Energy = 1/2mv^2, or energy equals one-half the mass of the bullet times the square of the velocity.

    Thus, a 230 gr bullet that has a velocity of 945 ft/sec has an energy of (230 x 945 x 945) divided by 450380 = 456 ft-lbs.
    450240 = A constant number in the formula which is two times the acceleration of gravity times the number of grains in a pound = 2*32.16*7000 = 450240.

    Muzzle energy is not obtainable with instruments we use because to calculate energy we must measure the projectile's speed as the bullet passes through the screens of a chronograph. (~5 foot from the gun) This doesn't matter with respect to the velocities we shoot in small arms. The difference between "instrument" and "muzzle" velocities are insignificant.

    Energy changes as the square of the velocity changes. If the 945 ft/sec bullet slows to 800 ft/sec, the energy drops from 456 ft-lbs to 327 ft-lbs. The velocity falls 15 percent. But the energy drops by 28 percent! Nearly double the loss.
  5. Dillinger

    Dillinger New Member

    This just in, canebrake is a former engineer... in case you missed that part of his explanation above. :eek:

    *high speed low level pass*

    Thanks for that explanation cane, it's makes sense..... mostly. :eek: