In Maryland it's being called "8 day release" and it's a result of a complete failure of the democratic state government and governor who increased the strength of the law and in doing so reduced the safety checks in place for people purchasing firearms. The way the process is supposed to work 1)Purchase gun from FFL or have it transferred to FFL 2)Submit State and Federal paperwork 3)Wait up to 7 days for Maryland State Police(MSP) to return state paperwork as denied or not denied (they never approve!) with federal NICS number returned from MSP as well to FFL. 4)Assuming you were not denied and NICS had no problem then you can pickup your gun by day 8 The way the process is working in reality 1)Purchase gun from FFL or have it transferred to FFL 2)Submit State and Federal paperwork 3)Wait 8 days for MSP to NOT return the paperwork (current estimate is 4+ month wait) 4)Day 8 pickup your gun assuming the dealer wants to let you have it, no paperwork has been returned by MSP. Dealer has no idea if you are a felon or have other valid reasons to deny you the purchase because they can't submit to the NICS system for this purchase and MSP won't say anything. This only applies to handguns and regulated long guns (AR's, AK's, etc) Eventually the MSP will return paperwork to the FFL with the NICS check having been done but not before people get their guns. Most people think this is great because us law abiding gun owners can get our guns faster but what about those felons who want to buy a gun, all they need to do is submit some paperwork, wait 8 days and then get handed a gun of their choice. Sure at some point months later the police will deny the transaction and then the FFL will say the gun has been released and the MSP will have to go get that gun back, I'm sure the felon will happily just hand it over. I actually support the NICS check because it's a very quick and efficient system for the most part, in the democrats efforts to make guns illegal they have effectively bypassed the NICS and any other safe guards in place to stop those who shouldn't get guns from doing so. Don't even get me started about how AR-15's are banned from purchase after Oct1, but AR-10's are still allowed!! That makes perfect sense. SBR AR-15's are ok too!