long action vs short action

Discussion in 'General Rifle Discussion' started by gutz47, Nov 23, 2011.

  1. gutz47

    gutz47 New Member

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    You guys wanna fill me in on the difference? I don't know much about bolt guns, but I'd really like to change that. Also, what's cheaper to stock pile, 308 or 30-06? I assume 308.
     
  2. Axxe55

    Axxe55 The Apocalypse Is Coming.....

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    30-06 would be a long action caliber, 308 would be a short action caliber. 243, 7mm-08 are short action, 270, 25-06 are long action.

    what's cheaper to stockpile? 30-06 comes in more types of ammo varieties than the 308, but the 308 isn't far behind and the price difference isn't that big between them, so either one.
     

  3. c3shooter

    c3shooter Administrator Staff Member

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    Yeah, what he said. The length of the action is how long a cartridge it can handle.
     
  4. ACRhino

    ACRhino New Member

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    Remember, just because you have a long or short action bolt doesn't mean it can take any long or short action caliber.
     
  5. gutz47

    gutz47 New Member

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    Oh I know. To my knowledge, guns only fire the specific caliber they were intended to fire. Unless of course we're talking madusa talk. How many different calibers does that thing shoot?
     
  6. Dillinger

    Dillinger New Member

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    Actually there are several platforms that will fire multiple types of calibers and rounds.

    The new Remington Sniper platform has an AR style barrel switching system that allows the field used to go from .308 to .338 Lapua in a matter of minutes.

    The rifle action itself can be made into a lot of different variants, but the chamber that is cut into the breach of the barrel is what ultimately determines what "caliber" the platform will shoot.

    And you can shoot short action rounds out of a long action rifle. Remington did that for years with the 700 long action and a .308 round for the early M24 system.

    It's just not ideal. ;)

    JD
     
  7. BlueTurf

    BlueTurf New Member

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    You never know what some folks might try putting through their rifles, knowing or unknowing. I know of a guy who went out and bought a Remington 770 in 7mm Mag. He was in such a hurry to fire his new rifle he had his head where the sun doesn't shine and proceeded to chamber a .270 round in it. He pulled the trigger and the round went off, blowing off the magazine cover on the bottom of the rifle. he knew he messed up when he got the brass out of the chamber. I was surprised to hear that the .270 round even went into his gun. I double checked this story and the event was confirmed. He was asking some of his friends if he should get his rifle checked out before he fired it again. It takes all types.
     
  8. Axxe55

    Axxe55 The Apocalypse Is Coming.....

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    one sure always make sure of the ammo put into a gun, when buying ammo and especially like many of us with many different weapons. just because it will chamber, doesn't mean it's the right ammo. he was lucky, it could have hurt or killed him. hopefully he learned a valuable lesson!
     
  9. Sniper03

    Sniper03 Supporting Member Supporter

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    The simple explanation is that as the previous posts have stated. Obviously the Bolt has to travel a farther distance to load a 30-06 because the cartridge is longer using the Long Action and a shorter distance to chamber the shorter 308 round in the short action. Otherwise cycling the bolt to load the 308 in the rifle built for it in short action is quicker on the cycling then the 30-06 rifle with the long action receiver because of the travel distance of the bolt to chamber the round. As stated some rifles particularly the older ones still could have a 308 built with the long action receiver. Today some of the calibers that have the short action are the 308 Winchester, 243 Winchester, 22-250 Remington, 300 Winchester Short Mag, 270 Short Mag and others. Long Actions are 270 Winchester 30-06 Winchester, 280 Remington, 7mm Rem Mag and others for a few.

    03
     
  10. gutz47

    gutz47 New Member

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    Thatnk you sir. So when I'm considering a bolt gun, I should also take into consideration how fast I'd like to cycle my next round. 30-06 vs 308....
     
  11. therewolf

    therewolf New Member

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    There's a lot of hoo-rah going around

    about certain types of Milsurps being

    able to chamber "enemy" cartridges, also. Not true.

    IF YOUR FIREARM ISN'T SPECIFICALLY CHAMBERED FOR

    IT, DON'T LOAD IT!!


    Now, I'm a clutz, so I avoid buying many calibers which might

    be confused for other types for fear of this specific event...