carbine/ rifle

Discussion in 'General Rifle Discussion' started by lonniew09, Sep 14, 2010.

  1. lonniew09

    lonniew09 New Member

    please try and be kind. can someone please explain the difference between a carbine and a rifle.
  2. jeepcreep927

    jeepcreep927 New Member

    A carbine has a shorter barrel. "Short" is a relative term depending on what era the weapon comes from. Earlier weapons classified as "carbines" had barrels longer than many weapons of today classified as "rifles".

    Example: an M16A1 has a 20" barrel and is considered a rifle. A M98k has a 23.62" barrel and in it's prime it was considered fairly short.

  3. GNLaFrance

    GNLaFrance New Member

    My personal definitions: A carbine is essentially a short rifle. I define a carbine as a shoulder weapon with a short barrel that fires a handgun round or a reduced-power rifle round. If it fires a full-power rifle round, then it is a rifle or a short rifle and not a carbine.

    A Model 1892 Winchester firing the .45 Colt round is a carbine. A Model 1895 Winchester is a rifle unless it has a barrel that is 24 inches or shorter, then it's a short rifle. An 1873 Winchester in .44 WCF (.44-40) is either a rifle or a short rifle, because the .44 WCF was developed specifically for that rifle and therefore is not a handgun round (despite its use in some SA and DA revolvers).

    An AR-15/M-16 is a carbine. An AK-47 is a carbine. They both fire reduced-power rifle rounds.

    Any rim fire shoulder weapon with a barrel equal to or greater than 22 inches is a rifle; under that, it's a carbine.

    These are just my arrogant, personal opinions. YMMV. :D
    Last edited: Sep 14, 2010
  4. c3shooter

    c3shooter Administrator Staff Member

    Comes from the French. Carabin, IIRC. Meant a soldier on horseback with a musket. For ease in handling while mounted, those usually had the barrels shortened. Name for the soldier became name for the firearm.