Rifle caliber distances

Discussion in 'General Rifle Discussion' started by workinprogress, Jan 25, 2010.

  1. workinprogress

    workinprogress New Member

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    THIS IS FOR TARGET SHOOTING PURPOSES ONLY!


    I've become very curious about what distances each caliber is good for when it comes to distance with no bearing on how good the shooter is. So I thought maybe we could create a list that includes all rifle calibers and their respective distances to help out people who are looking for a certain range. I'll start with a couple of the lower calibers and please add to or correct as we go along.


    .22lr 100-125yds
    30-30 150yds
    .17hmr 150-200yds
    .223 300yds
     
    Last edited: Jan 25, 2010
  2. cpttango30

    cpttango30 New Member

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    22lr 50 to 100 yards for hunting.

    223 0-500 yards. Depending on bullet and rifle. seen some used at 1k with the 90 gr bullets.

    This list is going to get big fast becuase it is not just a cartridge it is the bullet as well. A 308 will shoot targets out to 1k with 175gr + bullets so will many other cartridges with teh right bullet.

    HAve you looked at how many different bullets are out there.

    308
    110gr- 220gr

    110gr
    125 gr
    135gr SMK is good for bench shooting at 100 -400 yards.
    155gr SMK is good out to 500 or 600 yards
    155gr SMK Palma is used for 1000 yard PALMA matches.
    155gr Hornady interlock is good for hunting out to 300 yards.
    168gr is the stock target bullet for 30 cal
    175gr Go to 1000 yard F-class bullet
    180gr 1000 yard bullet
    185-190 more 1000 yard bullets need 1:9" or faster twist for these.

    220gr Rd nose good for hunting out to 300 yards may 200.

    223
    35gr 100 to 150 varmint hunting
    40gr 100-200 varmint hunting
    50gr 100-400 yard varmint hunting
    55gr 100-400 varmitn hunting
    60gr 500 yard varmint
    69gr 100 t0 400 target
    70gr+ 500 yard target shooting

    there is a lot more to take into account other than cartridge if you are going to make this list. More so it would depend on shooters ability. I can and do make 200 yard off hand shots at ground hogs with my 223 with 50gr V-Max bullets. That is not saying Benning or billybob can do that hell they may be able to make 300 or 400 yard off hand shots at ground hogs.

    A sniper who knows his rifle inside and out and can spit ballistics out at you for the 308 out to 1500 m is going to out shoot many people at longer distance. Then you have to take into account that not every rifle is the same. my new ar is going to have a 20" barrel my remmy 700 223 has a 26" heavy taper barrel it will shoot faster and more accurate than my ar.

    Just pointing this out...... Not to be an ass or anything.
     

  3. workinprogress

    workinprogress New Member

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    Actually you're pointing out some great information. What I'm really looking for though is just general numbers for the normal public. A lot of people come onto these sites (including myself) wondering what cartridge is good to shoot at what distance. It would be nice to have a consolidated list that people could refer to and then go more in depth from there with their question.

    edit: I'd also be willing to put this into a more readable format once it is all said and done so everybody can just add whatever they want to add and I will clean it up later.
     
    Last edited: Jan 25, 2010
  4. jpattersonnh

    jpattersonnh New Member

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    I'll add a few
    6.5x55:
    87gr SP. Varmint bullet 450 yards ( hard to stablize in standard 1:8.7 barrels)
    100gr HP great Varmint bullet to 450 yards
    120gr Antelope to 400 yards
    129gr. Whitetail to 400 yards
    139-140gr Whitetail, brown bear, moose 200 yards on bear or moose, 400 on Whitetail
    160gr. Brown bear, Moose, Elk 200 yards



    9.3
     
  5. stalkingbear

    stalkingbear New Member

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    Even though almost all of the non magnum "conventional" deer cartridges ( 25-06, .270, .280, .284, 30-06, .308 class) are capable of taking a deer well past 500 yards, the average shooter is not up to the task skill wise. And therein lies the problem about maximum range. In my opinion, the average hunter don't have any business shooting at game further than 300 yards. That's why I hesitate to discuss maximum range as set in stone.

    Even magnums offer no advantage unless you are skilled enough to be able to use them properly. Contrary to popular belief, they will not make up for poor or non existent shooting skill. In fact usually make things worse in the form of increased recoil & muzzle blast.
     
  6. workinprogress

    workinprogress New Member

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    Perhaps I should rephrase the title of my thread. I would like to know this for target shooting only as most of what everybody discusses here is getting better at the range. Personally when I speak of wanting a rifle for such distance it will be only for target as we just have whitetail up here. My 30-30 will do that job no problem because I'm lucky if I can see 100 yards down a run.
     
  7. stalkingbear

    stalkingbear New Member

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    I just reread the title and noticed you said for target shooting purposes only-sorry bout that but I target shoot to get better at shooting when hunting.
     
  8. c3shooter

    c3shooter Administrator Staff Member

    Factors will not only be the cartridge, but the weight and shape of bullet- and WHICH rifle is firing it. Both a Winchester Mdl 100 and a Remington 40 X-C fire a .308. For TARGET purposes, the Model 100 maxes out at about 300 meters- it is a light sporter. The Remington is good for 1100 meters + depending on the glass on it. Also weighs ELEVEN POUNDS!
     
  9. Silvertip 44

    Silvertip 44 New Member

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    c3 and stalkingbear are both right. Effective range depends on the person behind the trigger in most cases. Depending on caliber and the specific rifle including the purpose for which it was built, effective range could be anywhere from 25 yards to the longest shot ever made at 1.5 miles by a Canadian sniper using a McMillian 50BMG.
     
  10. The_Kid

    The_Kid New Member

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    When friends and family come down to shoot, we shoot my 30-30 with Hornady 160gr FTX bullets at 300 yards at an 8 x 12" target.

    [ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=anvAvhkZl2M"]My nephew here has taken about 15 shots from a hi powered rifle his whole life.[/ame] He took maybe 3 shots that day. My other nephew has had a little more experience, shoots that rifle as well.

    When I shoot it at 400 yards, I'll hit that same target 90% of the time.

    Since I've been reloading, I've only tried groups at 300 yards with it, the last one after load development was .64moa using Hornady 160gr FTX.

    I wish people would stop short-changing the 30-30.
     
  11. workinprogress

    workinprogress New Member

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    Ok, so what I was hoping for was some general guidelines for the new people (myself included) but it seems nothing is ever that simple. We can all just let this one die. Thanks for all the information though, pretty enlightening thread.
     
  12. cpttango30

    cpttango30 New Member

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    You have a good idea but some people may see the 308 1000 yard and go out and think they can shoot at deer a 1/2 mile away and hurt people. That is where I and many others are coming from on here.
     
  13. workinprogress

    workinprogress New Member

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    I definitely understand where you are coming from and that was something I didn't think of before I posted. I guess sometimes it just doesn't occur to me that people can be that irresponsible.