One piece base/ring combo's are probably the strongest, but any of the combinations you mention will work well with your caliber.
Dual dovetail rings are very strong, but can be [U]slightly[U] more difficult to line up. This should not be a problem if you are careful.
Single dovetails w/ rear windage screws allow you to take up some of the siting adjustment in the mounting process so you don't use all of your scopes windage adjustment. (I have never had that happen with any mounts.) Don't use your scope to tork dovetails into alignment. Use a 1" dowel or bar stock.
Weaver style mounts have a cross rail that makes them very strong and some give the option of removing the scope and replacing it without any re-adjustment. The removable rings should work fine at the ranges you are planning unless you are planning head shots on groundhogs at 250 yards. For deer it should be fine.
Theoretically one piece bases should be the strongest, but most Kodiak bear guides that I know (who use scopes) use two piece bases. This may be more for the extra room above the magazine.
I used to have a fobia against one piece bases, but kind of prefer them in most cases now. I just tried a one piece DNZ base/ring combo on my .270, thanks to advice from this forum, and I love them. It was absolutely the simplest, fastest and strongest setup I have ever installed. My bore sighter showed 16" high and 16" left at 100 yards as mounted. Now, off to the range to shoot it!