Originally Posted by trip286
Yes, you can shoot 32 S&W long, and short out of a Nagant. You do not need a replacement cylinder to do this though. If shot in the original cylinder, the brass will bulge some (and possibly split), and the accuracy won't be super great, but it will work.
If there is a replacement cylinder in 32 S&W (never heard of one in 32 S&W), that will prevent the bulging, and may improve accuracy.
I would not recommend getting one in 32 S&W though unless you reload for it. 32 S&W is getting hard to find, and it is getting expensive. They DO make a replacement cylinder for the Nagant in 32 ACP. I would recommend that one instead. 32 ACP is easier to find and cheaper than 32 S&W, at least it is for now. The cylinder may be a little off though, and you'd have to adjust it. The Russians fitted each gun together, so not all of them are exactly the same dimensions. IIRC, there are a few good videos on how to do this on youtube.
A third option you could choose would be using the original ammo or reloading for it. The original ammo can be found as cheap as $20 per 50, and the reloaded ammo can cost as little as $0.20-$0.25 per round. Maybe less if you reload a lot of it.
I go over reloading the ammo in the article below. Be warned though, if you reload for it, there is almost no data out there. I use 2.5 gr of trail boss, 32-20 brass that has been re-sized using LEE 7.62 Nagant dies, and .32 caliber lead bullets. Be sure to read the article section about reloading, the lead can cause some minor problems.
If you want to know more about the gun, and it's ammo, skim through this.
If you have anymore questions, just let me know.