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Old 11-01-2013, 03:02 AM   #1
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So I want to get a shotgun for Christmas. I have never owned one and I would like to know the uses for each type of shot. Like buckshot, what is it good for? When I shoot skeet what type of shot and why? Ect.
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Old 11-01-2013, 03:27 AM   #2
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Birdshot like 7 1/2 is good for clays. 00 buckshot is for HD and well hunting. Slugs are for hunting or PD as well depending on the slug type.
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Old 11-01-2013, 03:30 AM   #3
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Originally Posted by sigman84 View Post
Birdshot like 7 1/2 is good for clays. 00 buckshot is for HD and well hunting. Slugs are for hunting or PD as well depending on the slug type.
So what would be good for duck hunting?
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Old 11-01-2013, 03:47 AM   #4
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Most hunters have a water fowl gun and an up land bird gun. The larger Magnum shotguns for ducks and geese. A lighter maybe .20 or .12 gauge for quail, grouse or pheasant etc. These guns are also nice for target shooting. Go to a gun store and learn about chokes and shot sizes etc. If possible visit a Trap or Skeet range and shoot some "Clays".
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Old 11-01-2013, 04:06 AM   #5
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Originally Posted by 95sniper View Post
So I want to get a shotgun for Christmas. I have never owned one and I would like to know the uses for each type of shot. Like buckshot, what is it good for? When I shoot skeet what type of shot and why? Ect.
This site is very informative for both new hunters and experienced hunters.
http://www.winchester.com/choose-your-ammo/Pages/Choose-Your-Ammo.aspx

Field and stream has a great collection of articles for hunters. NRA has the north american hunter series of articles. Ammoland has great articles on all aspects of hunting and shooting.

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Old 11-01-2013, 04:11 AM   #6
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Hunting waterfowl requires the use of non-toxic (non lead) shot. This could be steel shot, bismuth, or heavi-shot (tungsten alloy).

You will need additional licences (duck stamp) when hunting migratory waterfowl.

In a very general way, the smaller the critter, the smaller the shot. Birdshot for birds, buckshot for bucks, etc.
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Old 11-01-2013, 04:16 AM   #7
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Projectile choices are many. Slugs (rifled for smoothbore barrels or sabot for rifled barrels). OOO, OO, O, #1, #3, #4 buckshot for defensive use depending on the application they have purpose. OOO is the largest pellet, but uses fewer in the shell (generally). The large pellets penetrate better, but there are fewer and they tend to pattern worse (resulting fliers). OO is the standard load for 12 ga. Good balance of penetration, pattern and individual pellet energy. The smaller buckshots are useful for situations where you may want reduced penetration of secondary barriers (walls).

BB, 2,4,5,6,7,7 1/2, 8,9,12 shot are progressively smaller. Each tend to give more dense patterns and hit potential at progressively closer ranges at progressively smaller (and easier to kill) game. BB and 2 used to be standard for geese until non-toxic shot was required. 4,5,6 were standard for ducks/teal until the non-toxic era.6-7 1/2 are commonly used on rabbits and squirrels. 7 1/2,8 and 9 are commonly used for small birds like dove and quail. I use progressively larger shot as the season progresses. Birds get more cautious and shots get longer. The larger shot has more energy at longer ranges common with late season hunting. 12 is almost a thing of the past. It is most often used now in handgun (rat shot) shells.

Skeet trap and sporting clays generally use the shot type typical for wing shooting. 7 1/2 - 9 are used for a variety of reasons. Trap tends to give longer shots so larger pellets are normally used (7 1/2) than skeet (8 or 9)

There is my "nut shell" summary of lead projectiles. Steel and other non-toxic alternatives use different numbers/letters to denote shot size, but that is another lesson entirely.
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Old 11-01-2013, 04:56 AM   #8
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Game; Lead/Tungsten Steel
Pheasant; 4 to 6, / 2 to 3
Turkey; 4 to 6, / 2 to 3
Quail, dove,; 7 to 8
Rabbit; 6 to 7
Squirrel; 6
Geese; BB to 2, / TT to 1
Ducks, low; 4 to 6, / 2 to 4
Ducks, high; 2 to 4, / BB to 2
Buck Shot, well Bucks ie Deer
Slugs; Deer size game and bigger
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Old 11-01-2013, 05:12 AM   #9
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My old 97 Winchester is loaded with Double "O" and 1 Oz. home poured soft slugs. It lives in the jeep to discourage "Teddy Bears".
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Old 11-01-2013, 09:18 AM   #10
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You would be best served by spending some time at Wikipedia reading. They have a ton of info on shotguns.
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