Originally Posted by Quentin
Early in this thread JonM gave a great answer on the differences in recoil between 5.56 vs. 7.62x39 vs. 308. And he added 30-30.
I was surprised myself when comparing 7.62x39 vs. 30-30, the Russian round is much softer shooting. You often see them compared and rightfully so but my 30-30 kicks a lot harder than my AK.
Later the OP brought in home defense and while long guns that don't overpenetrate are good, I think a handgun with adequate caliber and capacity with good JHPs is the way to go. You're going to be fumbling for other objects so being able to operate your personal defense firearm with one hand could be crucial. A long gun is easier to be wrestled away in tight quarters too.
Your not feeling as much of the recoil with the Russian because its in the semi auto configuration, I'm assuming, as with the 30 30 in a lever action.