Originally Posted by Josey Wales '94
Thank you c3, and to hotelsincarmel, I'm in high school. Do your homework dude, dont be an idiot, remember everything you can. I'm on these forums because I want to learn, and help people to learn about firearms, shooting, etc. I love to learn and be able to communicate with older people in a sophisticated way. Thank you for at least wanting to know what the Brown Bess was. And welcome...
I know there were several models of Brown Bess around, the earliest being the Long Land Pattern, but there were several variants of that. There are books on Bess variants. The Brits used these and so did the Americans. I believe Americans who fought in the French and Indian War were actually given Besses to keep by the British government and these too were used later by us in the Revolution.
Additionally there were "Committee of Safety Muskets"
(See American Made Muskets of the American Revolution (by George Neumann)
) There are a couple of great books out there today on Brown Besses.
The Brits also used something called the Ferguson Rifle, a breech loading rifle designed by Patrick Ferguson, the Commander in Chief of the British forces killed at King's Mountain. But the number used was very small, as the British military brass rejected them despite a demonstration of their efficiency.
The colonists began getting shipments of French Charleville Muskets before France officially entered the war and more later after the French declared war.
Supposedly the Charlevilles were lighter than the Besses and had stronger hammers less likely to break in combat.
American militia units and Rifle corps used flintlock rifles made by various American gun makers and Hessian units also included riflemen using German Jaeger style rifles which were the ancestral type of gun to the Pennsylvania Rifle used by the American Riflemen.
Google is your friend and there are lots of links there but I guess you wrote your paper already and the other posters also gave you a lot of information.