If you buy pillow ticking by the yard, throw it in the washing machine and wash the sizing/starch out of it before you cut your patches. Unless you know for certain that your T-shirts are 100% cotton or non synthetic, you are asking for some nasty gunk in your barrel. My Hawken has a .53 barrel and I use .520 balls with pillow ticking. This pillow ticking I have now, I got at Hobby Lobby, and it is about .022 washed.
I use my own homemade lube of venison tallow and beeswax. I have used several different brands of lube and this works just as well. I did particularly like the Lehigh Valley lube, but they kept messing with it, and I dont even know if you can get it anymore.
I have seen guys speed load--dump powder, drop a ball, and then bump the butt to seat it and shoot, which might work ok on Seneca runs where you are not shooting over 20 yards, but it isnt a recipe for accuracy.
Whittington Center Life
Times are tough, ammo is expensive, there will be no warning shots.