Today Its a diffrent day and age, used to be Granny Rex kept a loaded .22 on the porch behind the door....Rex's Granny lived 17 miles from town 1/4mile back in off the road on a creek bottom the rimfire was used on farm varmits from Rabbits, Squirrels,Hawks, Starlings to Raccon and Coyote & Opossium the .22 was a multi purpose tool used to take care of pests at barn yard distances of 75 yards or so.
fast forward to present day and look in most any Farm or Ranch gun rack you will see a rimfire rifle of some type and most oftin it will be able to shoot a .22Lr
Living out in a rural setting the .22Lr rifle is a pestcontrol tool and carried in pickup trucks till they get legislated out of them they will continue to protect ones livelyhood.
One the slickest shots Id ever seen was while spring calving checking by picuptruck we spotted a Coyote streaking away from the calving yards and Popa Rex grabbed the Marlin 60 off the seat chamberd a round and fired three sucessive rounds that tumbled the bushey tailed maurader at 60yards left handed from the jounceing cab of a speeding 4x4truck.
for actual hunting vermin like that you always packed somthing with range and wounding potental like a .243 or a .22-250.
The .223 Remington is a very capable round on Coyote.
The .22 sees the greatest use because its cheap, so easy to pack and use and is most oftin within reach and leathel enuf that the rounds arnt going to be landing over in neighbor Ottos pasture.
Its less stressfull on livestock if you rattle off 3 or 4 rounds of .22rimfire than 3-4 rounds of .223 or .22-250 that'd shure to get the neighbors rattled wondering if your trigger happy loose cannon and a threat of wounding or stampedin ther livestock and wrecking fence.
One thing I do remember living out rural as a kid, you set off a centerfire of anything a neighbor a mile in anydirection will have heard the shot, more than one shot they will have Normandy flashbacks and call ya trigger happy bafoon, any livestock shows up dead or crippled they will be looking you up with none too pleasant demeanor.