The 22 won't kick at all, you shooting a rifle right beside your dad shouldn't be an issue either unless the range has some rule against it or age limit.
The stainless 980S runs around $250, and about $200 for the blue 980. If you're willing to wait a month or two the new XT-22 rifles from Marlin will be out, they have an adjustable trigger for roughly the same price as the 900 series they're replacing.
I can't comment on the state laws in your area, but there should be web sites for that information, the local range may be able to help too.
Also, sorry this got 15 days old, you're probably not even going to read this.