The military uses 7.62x51 nato not 308. They're almost identical cases,but way different operating pressures.
I knew that they used the 7.62x 51 NATO as well, but I thought a lot of our snipers used the 308? I was never in the military, but two of my buddies at church that I shoot with were military, one of which was a sniper, shoot the 308 cause they said that's what they used. That is also what my local swat team uses. Are the terms just that interchangeable? I don't personally own either.
It depends on what you mean by "better." Better for one person might not be better for another. I personally think there are more advantages of the .308 over the .30-06 and I believe that the shorter length action and the shorter easier to carry cartridges are better. Thus the .308 would be better for me, but not necessarily better for someone else. I like the .30-06 only for it's brass. I use the '06 brass to make .25-06, 7x57, and 8x57 brass.
I have both, Huscavarna 30/06 bolt action w/3X9 scope, BLR .308 lever action and a single action Rossi combo .308 w/3X9 scope. All 3 are tack drivers and all 3 have custom loads that I put together myself. In heavy wooded areas I use the BLR, open sights and because its a little shorter. Either 30/06 or .308 is perfect for big game with the right loads. Be careful mixing .308 and 7.62X51 CUP (chamber) pressure is a lot higher in commercial .308 rounds.
I am debating between the same calibers before I buy my first hunting rifle. I plan on hunting more paper then animals so was leaning towards 308 and because the biggest animal I might hunt is moose. Can anyone tell me if stnd. 308 chambered rifles can shoot the NATO round since it has the higher pressure as noted above. I was looking at bulk ammo and assume the high qty. bulk ammo is the NATO