The 7.7 is based on the .303 Brit. both case and bullet. Yes you can use an 06 case but it does not change the history. The JIS metrics used in Japan were taken from the English standards as were most industrial processes at the turn of the 20th century. The Japanese supplied Arisaki rifles to the British Army during WWI. The turning of the rim on the .303 for use in their own weapons was easy.