Originally Posted by F4U
In modern day practice you are right, but the first and some of the other amendments state that "congress shall make no law with respect to speech religion etc" The second amendment states that "the right to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed". To my non legally trained mind that means nobody gets to infringe not just U.S. Congress can't infringe.
In modern day reality the only right left to state governments under the 10th amendment is the ability to write stricter gun laws than the feds have, but never more lenient ones.
And thats a bastardized way of how its been done. The way the constitution sets up the federal government is it does only a few things:
regulate trade between the states. This was meant to have the us congress act as mediator in disagreements between the states in trade disputes.
Conduct treaties with foreign nations.
Conduct warfare as needed.
Mediate issues of laws that, here is the important thing, may be unconstitutional.
The house of rep and the senate were only meant to meet one or two months a year at most, more if at war. They were meant to have very little to do with the states running everything and them only intervening when states couldnt agrree on issues.