Obviously it would depend upon the ammunition you are shooting. But I do know that the 357 Mag with 3 in. Barrel produces around 1200 Ft.Lbs of energy at the muzzle and the 38 Special from a 4" Barrel produces around 960-1000 Ft. Lbs. of energy at the muzzle. So I guess we could assume that the 357 even from the 3" barrel is a more powerful cartridge than that of the 38 Special form a 4" barrel. Different rounds perform differently according to velocity. But generally speaking yes the 357 with also higher velocity and energy would have more expansion.
The Constitution is not an instrument for the Government to restrain the people. It is an instrument for the people to restrain the Government!
“Americans have the right and advantage of being armed. Unlike the people of other countries, whose leaders are afraid to trust them with arms.”
James Madison. Author of the 2nd Amendment