In doing a very quick speed read on that thread to his question and looking at the answers being submitted I see this.
They are trying unload an Aircraft Carrier with a 2 wheel truck dolly.
Why does everyone think only linear and so 2 dimensional?
There is only one real answer and most of the time its another variable. I don't want to try to do more math on a hotel computer but here is the concept as I see it.
Items with this kind of energy metric need to be addressed in dimensionality. Time, space, mass, acceleration & deceleration. It's Newtons laws and more.
. How much time in the energy dwell period? Basically this is the time period that energy is being released and absorbed.
. How much volume will be affected? Round bubble? Long bubble? Cylindrical bubble? ect. The total mass of that volume?
. These variables need to include material type, temperature, elasticity, cohesion factor, adhesion factor, & modulus of elasticity of the structural matter, trans-conductance of energy displacement and more.
Ballistic coefficient, sectional density, projectile structural density and its modulus of elasticity. The shooters kind of know this one but forget it also takes energy to deform that bullet.
Rotation velocity and travel path also affect the energy dwell factor. Angler deflection takes energy and also affects that dwell factor.
Target anatomy and all of those variables expound the mathematics.
The Target, is it, s/he big, small, short, skinny, fat, in shape, out of shape, 4 legs or 2? On and on. What structures and organs? What is the adrenalin levels and so much more!
So the short explanation of my opinion is mathematically you can attack this problem for quite some time.
The start would be in using a Determinate formula grid (matrix mathematics) that if you remember is a basic Algebra function for solving multiple formulas with multiple variables.
You also need a calculus grid too because of the time & travel factors.