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Old 05-07-2008, 11:21 AM   #11
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1882 Arkansas Third "Saturday Night Special" economic handgun ban
passed. Arkansas followed Tennessee's lead by enacting
a virtually identical "Saturday Night Special" law
banning the sale of any pistols other than expensive
"army or navy" model revolvers, which most whites had
or could afford, thereby disarming blacks. Statute
was upheld in Dabbs v. State, 39 Ark. 353 (1882) (GMU
CR LJ, p. 74)

1893 Alabama First all-gun economic ban passed. Alabama placed
"'extremely heavy business and/or transactional
taxes'" on the sale of handguns in an attempt "to put
handguns out of the reach of blacks and poor whites."
("Gun Control: White Man's Law," William R. Tonso,
Reason, December 1985)

1902 South Carolina First total civilian handgun ban. The state banned all
pistol sales except to sheriffs and their special
deputies, which included the KKK and company
strongmen. (Kates, "Toward a History of Handgun
Prohibition in the United States" in Restricting
Handguns: The Liberal Skeptics Speak Out, p. 15,
1979.) (GMU CR LJ, p. 76)

1906 Mississippi Race-based confiscation through record-keeping.
Mississippi enacted the first registration law for
retailers in 1906, requiring them to maintain records
of all pistol and pistol ammunition sales, and to make
such records available for inspection on demand.
(Kates, p. 14) (GMU CR LJ, p. 75)

1907 Texas Fourth "Saturday Night Special" economic handgun ban.
Placed "'extremely heavy business and/or transactional
taxes'" on the sale of handguns in an attempt "to put
handguns out of the reach of blacks and poor whites."
("Gun Control: White Man's Law," William R. Tonso,
Reason, December 1985)

1911 New York Police choose who can own guns lawfully. "Sullivan
Law" enacted, requiring police permission, via a
permit issued at their discretion, to own a handgun.
Unpopular minorities were and are routinely denied
permits. ("Gun Control: White Man's Law," William R.
Tonso, Reason, December 1985) "(T)here are only about
3,000 permits in New York City, and 25,000 carry
permits. If you're a street-corner grocer in
Manhattan, good luck getting a gun permit. But among
those who have been able to wrangle a precious carry
permit out of the city's bureaucracy are Donald Trump,
Arthur Ochs Sulzburger, William Buckley, Jr., and
David, John, Lawrence and Winthrop Rockefeller.
Surprise." (Terrance Moran, "Racism and the Firearms
Firestorm," Legal Times)

1934 United States Gun Control Act of 1934 (National Firearms Act)

1941 Florida Judge admits gun law passed to disarm black laborers.
In concurring opinion narrowly construing a Florida
gun control law passed in 1893, Justice Buford stated
the 1893 law "was passed when there was a great influx
of negro laborers in this State....The same condition
existed when the Act was amended in 1901 and the Act
was passed for the purpose of disarming the negro
laborers....The statute was never intended to be
applied to the white population and in practice has
never been so applied...". Watson v. Stone, 148 Fla.
516, 524, 4 So.2d 700, 703 (1941) (GMU CR LJ, p. 69)

The Following Historical Events Are Included as Context for Passage of the Gun Control Act of 1968.

1954 - U.S. Supreme Court held racial segregation of schools violates 14th Amendment.

1955 - Alabama bus segregation ordinance held unconstitutional after boycott and NAACP protest.

1956 - Massive resistance to Supreme Court desegregation ruling called for by 101 Southern congressmen.

1957 - Congress approved first civil rights law for blacks. Governor ordered National Guard troops to prevent nine blacks from entering all-white high school in Little Rock; President Eisenhower had to send federal military troops to enforce court order that Guardsman be removed.

1960 - Sit-ins began February 1 when four black college students in Greensboro, N.C., refused to move from a lunch counter after being denied service; by 1961, more than 700,000 students, black and white, had participated in sit-ins.

1962 - 3,000 troops were required to quell riots after University of Mississippi accepted first black student.

1963 - 200,000 people participated in March on Washington, at which Dr. Martin Luther King gave his famous "I have a dream" speech.

1963 - President John F. Kennedy assassinated in November.

1964 - Omnibus civil rights bill barring discrimination in voting, jobs, discrimination, etc.; three civil rights workers reported missing in Mississippi, found buried two months later, 21 white men arrested, seven of whom an all-white federal court jury convicted of conspiracy only.

1965 - 34 dead in race riot in Watts area of Los Angeles.

1966 - First black U.S. senator in 85 years elected (Edward Brook, R-MA)

1967 - Race riots in Newark, N.J., kill 26, injure 1,500, with over 1,000 arrested. Race riots in Detroit killed at least 40, injured 2,000 and left 5,000 homeless; was quelled by 4,700 federal paratroopers and 8,000 National Guardsmen. Thurgood Marshall sworn in Oct. 2 as first black justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.

1968 - Martin Luther King assassinated in April. Robert F. Kennedy assassinated in June.
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Old 05-07-2008, 11:22 AM   #12
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1968 United States Gun Control Act of 1968 passed. Avowed anti-gun
journalist Robert Sherrill frankly admitted that the
Gun Control Act of 1968 was "passed not to control
guns but to control Blacks." [R. Sherrill, The
Saturday Night Special, p. 280 (1972).] (GMU CR LJ, p.
80) "The Gun Control Act of 1968 was passed not to
control guns but to control blacks, and inasmuch as a
majority of Congress did not want to do the former but
were ashamed to show that their goal was the latter,
the result was they did neither. Indeed, this law,
the first gun-control law passed by Congress in thirty
years, was one of the grand jokes of our time. First
of all, bear in mind that it was not passed in one
piece but was a combination of two laws. The original
1968 Act was passed to control handguns after the Rev.
Martin Luther King, Jr., had been assassinated with a
rifle. Then it was repealed and repassed to include
the control of rifles and shotguns after the
assassination of Robert F. Kennedy with a
handgun.... The moralists of our federal legislature
as well as sentimental editorial writers insist that
the Act of 1968 was a kind of memorial to King and
Robert Kennedy. If so, it was certainly a weird
memorial, as can be seen not merely by the
handgun/long-gun shellgame, but from the
inapplicability of the law to their deaths." (The
Saturday Night Special and Other Guns, Robert
Sherrill, p. 280, 1972)

1988 Maryland Fifth "Saturday Night Special" economic handgun ban
passes. Ban on "Saturday Night Specials," i.e.
inexpensive handguns, passes.

1988 Illinois Poor citizens singled out for gun ban in Illinois.
Starting in late 1988, the Chicago Housing Authority
(CHA) and the Chicago Police Dept. (CPD) enacted and
enforced an official policy, Operation Clean Sweep,
which applied to all housing units owned and operated
by the CHA. The purpose was the confiscation of
firearms and illegal narcotics and consisted of
warrantless searches and of a visitor exclusion policy
severely limiting the right of CHA tenants to
associate in their residences with family members and
other guests, tenants had to sign in and out of the
building, producing to the police or CHA officials
photo Id. Relatives, including children and
grandchildren, were not allowed to stay over, even on
holidays. CHA tenants who objected or attempted to
interfere with these warrantless searches were
arrested. The ACLU filed a lawsuit seeking
declaratory and injunctive relief on behalf of the CHA
tenants against the enforcement of Operation Clean
Sweep. The complaint was filed in the United Sates
District Court for the Northern District of Illinois,
Eastern Division, on Dec. 16, 1988, as Case No.
88C10566 and is styled as Rose Summeries, et al. v.
Chicago Housing Authority, et al. A consent decree
was entered on Nov. 30, 1989 in which the CHA and
CPD agreed to abide by certain standards and in which
the scope and purposes of such "emergency housing
inspections" were limited. (GMU, p. 98)

1990 Virginia Poor citizens singled out for gun ban in Virginia.
U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of
Virginia upheld a ban imposed by the Richmond Housing
Authority on the possession of all firearms, whether
operable or not, in public housing projects. The
Richmond Tenants Organization had challenged the ban,
arguing that such requirement had made the city's
14,000 public housing residents second-class citizens.
[Richmond Tenants Org. v. Richmond Dev. & Hous. Auth.,
No. C.A. 3:90CV00576 (E.D.Va. Dec. 3, 1990).] (GMU,
p. 97)

1994 United States President seeks to single out all poor citizens
residing in federal housing for gun ban. The Clinton
Administration introduced H.R. 3838 in 1994 to ban
guns in federal public housing, but the House Banking
Committee rejected it. Similar legislation was filed
in 1994 in the Oregon and Washington state

1995 Maine Poor citizens singled out for gun ban in Maine.
Portland, ME, gun ban in public housing struck down on
April 5, 1995.
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Old 05-07-2008, 11:25 AM   #13
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Follow-up caveat: I haven't verified the info in the posts I just made. While historically, the U.S. has banned weapons from elements of society deemed "undesirable" at the time, the problem we face today is a blanket ban: all people, regardless of race or ethnic heritage, are affected.

Obviously, any ban is wrong.
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Old 05-07-2008, 10:56 PM   #14
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thats a lot of info, thank you very much
Gun owner, or victim?? Decisions decisions!!
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Old 05-07-2008, 11:39 PM   #15
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Originally Posted by bellx1 View Post
i have a big history project coming up on the controversial issues facing the U.S. during the 2nd half of the 20th century. I chose gun control. I already know alot about the ignorant laws that the anti's put in place, but the project needs to cite recources. Any suggestions on good factual websites and books?
Look up Prof. John R. Lott Jr. - he has done a wealth of research on this topic and has a book entitled "More Guns, Less Crime".
Guns Have Only Two Enemies-Rust and Politicians
"The United States Constitution (c) 1791 - All Rights Reserved"
If Guns Kill, Do Pencils Mis-spell Words?
Pain is Weakness Leaving the Body - USMC
"Qui desiderat pacem, praeparet bellum"
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